Sec.25. Power of Supreme Court to transfer suits, etc.
(1) On the application of a party, and after notice to the
parties, and after hearing such of them as desire to be
heard, the Supreme Court may, at any stage, if satisfied
that an order under this section is expedient for the ends
of justice, direct that any suit, appeal or other proceeding
be transferred from a High Court or other Civil Court in one
State to a High Court or other Civil Court in any other
(2) Every application under this section shall be made by a
motion which shall be supported by an affidavit.
(3) The Court to which such suit, appeal or other proceeding
is transferred shall, subject to any special directions in
the order of transfer, either retry it or proceed from the
stage at which it was transferred to it.
(4) In dismissing any application under this section, the
Supreme Court may, if it is of opinion that the application
was frivolous or vexatious, order the applicant to pay by
way of compensation to any person who has opposed the
application such sum, not exceeding two thousand rupees, as
it considers appropriate in the circumstances of the case.
(5) The law applicable to any suit, appeal or other
proceeding transferred under this section shall be the law
which the Court in which the suit, appeal or other
proceeding was originally instituted ought to have applied
to such suit, appeal or proceeding.
In the recent judgments the Hon’ble Supreme Court held in the matter of :
Krishna Veni Nagam Vs Harish
“We are thus of the view that it is necessary to issue certain directions which may provide alternative to seeking transfer of proceedings on account of inability of a party to contest proceedings at a place away from their ordinary residence on the ground that if proceedings are not transferred it will result in denial of justice.”
We, therefore, direct that in matrimonial or custody matters or in proceedings between parties to a marriage or arising out of disputes between parties to a marriage, wherever the defendants/respondents are located outside the jurisdiction of the court, the court where proceedings are instituted, may examine whether it is in the interest of justice to incorporate any safeguards for ensuring that summoning of defendant/respondent does not result in denial of justice. Order incorporating such safeguards may be sent along with the summons. The safeguards can be:-
- i) Availability of video conferencing facility.
- ii) Availability of legal aid service.
iii) Deposit of cost for travel, lodging and boarding in terms of Order XXV CPC.
- iv) E-mail address/phone number, if any, at which litigant from out station may communicate.